The ecological balance refers to diverse forms and ecosystems that are interconnected and interdependent. The more diverse, the more resilient an ecosystem will be. The ecological balance is of crucial importance, but also quite sensitive to disturbance. With one life form depending on another, and a third depending on a fourth, the disappearance of one will always affect the other. The destruction of the rainforest is a major threat to the delicate balance.
Trees and plants clean air and water and they regulate water levels. The felling of trees on a massive scale is one of the main causes of environmental destruction. With every tree that disappears, the cleaning function of the forest becomes less effective. At some point, it will become hard to find clean water. The rain forest disappears at an alarming rate – 36 football fields per minute. Where trees are felled, the root system that absorbs rain water disappears as well. Subsequently, water simply runs downhill into rivers, washing out top soil. The remaining soil dries out, crumbles and is blown away by the wind. Sometimes, this top soil can be farmed for a few years, but it’s a poor and thin layer so it’s quickly exhausted. Farmers than move on to slash another tract of rainforest.
The felling of trees causes natural disasters. The unchecked running off of water results in droughts in higher areas and in mud slides and floods in lower areas